It is normal to lose some hair every day. Most medical studies show that losing up to 100 strands of hair a day is considered normal. Cases where daily hair loss can exceed this, or if you have a family history of hair loss, though, can become problematic.
Consistent and excessive hair loss can leave you with bald spots if you are a man, or thinning hair on top of your head if you are a woman. While many people, from both genders, can suffer from this type of hair loss by the age of 50, there are also many cases of this disorder surfacing in patients who are much younger. Let’s look at this disorder in some more detail.
Causes Of Hair Loss:
Hair loss causes can be triggered by a number of factors, which can include inherited genetics, disease, stress, medicines, injury, ageing or lack of proper hair care. A detailed look into these cases reveal that:
Inherited Hair Loss: Genetics is one of the leading causes of hair loss, which is inherited either from one or both of your parents. This type of hair loss is called male-pattern hair loss or female-pattern hair loss or androgenetic alopecia.
This inherited disorder causes a sensitivity in a class of hormones called androgens, which also include testosterone, which causes your hair follicles to shrink. This, in turn, produces thinner hair, and eventually none at all. While men develop bald spots on the forehead area, or on the top of the head, women are often faced with thinning hair on top of the head.
Age: As we grow older, our hair tends to break far more easily, and our hair follicles do not grow as much hair to replace the loss.
Mental, emotional or physical stress: Recent surgery, illness or high fever can also cause substantial hair loss. In most cases, though, your hair will grow back after a few months.
Hair styling & products: Styles that result in your hair being pulled back too tightly can lead to hair loss.
Ringworm of the scalp: This condition is most common in children.
Poor Nutrition: Lack of protein or iron in the diet can also cause hair loss.
Diseases: Disorders like Hypothyroidism, hyperthyroidism, Alopecia Areata, Lupus, Syphilis, cancer or side effects of a medicine or medical treatment can also cause hair loss.
Injury To The Scalp: Scarring or excessive injury can also cause hair loss
Hormonal Changes: Childbirth, taking birth control pills, or changes in a woman’s menstrual cycle can also cause hair loss
Treatment of Hair Loss:
Transplant procedures - Hair transplant can produce much more attractive and natural-looking results than older methods. Many transplant patients now take Propecia to maintain or keep what they've transplanted. Make sure to check the surgeon's credentials and experience carefully before getting a transplant done. Micrografts are some of the newest techniques in which surgeons transplant single one to two hair follicles.
Lower level laser devices- Approved by the FDA, these devices can be used at home without a physician's prescription. They come in forms of helmets, combs, hats etc.
Platelet-rich plasma - In this treatment, platelet rich plasma is obtained from the processed whole blood of male patients and is injected into their scalp. Their efficiency is still under study.
Minoxidil (Rogaine): This is a topical medicine, which is available over the counter and does not require any prescription. It is available as a 2% solution, 4% solution, 5% solution, and a new foam or mousse preparation. It works great on the crown, however, not so well in the frontal region.
Note- Application to the face or neck skin can cause unwanted hair growth in those areas.
Finasteride (Propecia) - This drug is only available for men. This is a prescription drug which brings down hair loss and leads to new hair growth. You need to continue taking it to retain its benefits.
At Apollo Clinic, we understand the crippling effect excessive hair loss can have on your emotional and mental psyche. Our team of expert dermatologists are well versed in diagnosing and treating all forms of hair loss, in both men and women. Our state-of-the-art clinic is equipped to provide the best forms of therapy or surgery where it is required. If you find yourself, or someone you know, suffering from excessive hair loss, get in touch with one of our specialists today!