Early detection and appropriate preventive measures is the key to arresting disorders and eliminating them at an early stage. Ultrasound imaging plays a key role in the early detection of a huge variety of health issues related to internal organs of the body.
What is an Ultrasound?
An ultrasound is a type of imaging that makes use of high-frequency sound waves in order to capture live images of the internal organs of the body.
Also known as Sonography, the test is generally used to look into kidneys, blood vessels, the heart and other internal organs.
During pregnancy, ultrasound imaging is used to determine the health of the foetus inside the mother’s womb An ultrasound might be performed earlier in your pregnancy to determine:
- Your due date or gestational age (the age of the fetus)
- Presence of more than one fetus
Later in pregnancy, it can be used to determine:
- The baby's expected weight
- The position of the baby in the womb
- The amount of amniotic fluid around the baby
- The location of the placenta
- The overall fetal well-being
What happens during an Ultrasound?
The following simplistic procedure is followed during an ultrasound :
- You are asked to lie down on a table.
- Next, some water-soluble gel is applied onto the area that is to be examined. Rest assured that the gel is benign and does no harm to your skin.
- A scanning instrument, known as a transducer, is placed onto the area that has the gel on it. This transducer is then moved back and forth across the area, giving a real-time, live streaming of all that is going on beneath the skin; inside your body in the targeted area.
- When and if it is deemed necessary, the technologist might ask you to hold your breath so as to facilitate betterexamination of that particular area.
- Images are clicked for further examination.
- Once the test is done, the technologist wipes off the gel from your skin.
- The whole procedure is painless, hassle-free and very quick and takes only about 30 to 60 minutes to complete.
How to prepare for the test?
- Do not carry any jewelry or credit cards along with you at the time of the test
- Consume about 4-5 glasses of water before you go in for the ultrasound.
- This greatly helps in the improvement of the clarity of the images to be used for examination/
- Stay calm and relaxed throughout the entire procedure.
Are there any side effects?
Unlike other imaging techniques, an ultrasound does not make use of radiation and therefore, is a relatively safe method and reliable method for assessing the functioning of the internal organs and to look for abnormalities.
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