What is Shoulder Pain?
Shoulder pain is a common issue that could occur due to various causes. More often than not, shoulder pain is a symptom of an underlying problem.
What Causes Shoulder Pain?
There are various causes of shoulder pain including:
- Disorders of the rotator cuff – This is the most prevalent cause of shoulder pain. Rotator cuff is a group of muscles and tendons surrounding the shoulder joint that helps keep the shoulder stable.
- Frozen shoulder – This is a painful condition that reduces normal movement in the joint. Sometimes, this condition can result in complete immobility of the shoulder. - Shoulder instability – In this condition, the shoulder is rather unstable and may have an abnormally long range of motion.
- Fracture of the upper arm bone or collar bone
- Osteoarthritis in the shoulder joints
- Shoulder injuries
- Poor posture
Shoulder pain could also be caused due to a problem in areas other than the shoulder such as neck or bicep.
How is Shoulder Pain diagnosed?
While diagnosing shoulder pain, your doctor will first conduct a thorough physical examination to:
- Compare your shoulders - Check whether your joint is dislocated
- Check for any bruising, redness or swelling
- Check if any pressure applied to your joints and bones causes any pain
- Check if any particular arm movements are causing pain
Depending on the results of this examination, your doctor may prescribe certain investigative tests such as:
X-ray – An X-ray of your shoulder joint will help detect any problems with the bones. Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) – This test will help detect problems with soft tissues such as tendons and ligaments.
Ultrasound scan – This test can also help diagnose problems with ligaments, tendons and joints.
Blood tests – These tests will help identify if there is any underlying issue such as a cancerous tumour, diabetes or polymyalgia rheumatica causing the shoulder pain.
How is Shoulder Pain Treated ?
To treat shoulder pain, your doctor may initially suggest some pain killers and ice packs to manage the pain and reduce the inflammation. You may also be asked to refrain from activities that aggravate your symptoms.
Depending on the severity and cause of shoulder pain, other treatments may be recommended such as physiotherapy, corticosteroids injections (medication containing hormones) and in extreme cases, surgery.
How can Shoulder Pain be prevented?
Practice simple shoulder exercises to help strengthen and stretch your rotator cuff tendons. Use ice after exercising if you have had issues with your shoulder previously.
At Apollo Clinic, we understand how shoulder pain can cause a lot of discomfort and pain as well as hamper your ability to move freely. We have a range of services provided by some of the finest medical professionals to manage shoulder pain. We are also well-equipped with cutting-edge technology and amenities to ensure that you have a smooth treatment experience.