Children Tetanus

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Children Tetanus

Tetanus, commonly referred as ‘lockjaw’ is a serious yet rare condition that is caused by bacteria which enters a wound. Tetanus is a serious infection which can even be fatal. The symptoms of tetanus usually develop within 4 to 21 days after the onset of the infection. A few of them include:

  • A high temperature or fever
  • Headache
  • Muscle stiffness that begins in the jaw, later affecting the neck, arms, legs or abdomen
  • Restlessness and irritability
  • Trouble swallowing
  • Sweating
  • High blood pressure
  • Muscle spasms in the face
  • A higher heartbeat rate

If left untreated, the symptoms can continue to get worse over time and can cause life-threatening problems such as suffocation or even a cardiac arrest.

To get the ideal treatment for this condition, tetanus vaccines are given that helps prevent the disease. 

What is a Tetanus Vaccine and How Does It Help?

A tetanus vaccine is one that can prevent tetanus. A full course of vaccination requires about five injections that are usually given as per the following schedule:

  • DTaP: diphtheria, tetanus, and acellular pertussis (whooping cough) vaccine for children younger than age 7.
  • Tdap: tetanus, diphtheria, and acellular pertussis vaccine for older and adults.
  • Td: tetanus and diphtheria vaccine for older children and adults.

Who Should Get the Tetanus Vaccine and When?

Doctors usually recommend the tetanus vaccination for:

  • Those who have not received a primary immunisation series during childhood.
  • Those who have not received the Td or Tdap booster dose in the last ten years.
  • Adults who have recovered from the tetanus disease.
  • Adults who have not yet received the Tdap.
  • All health care workers and persons who are in regular contact with infants younger than one year of age.
  • Besides, the tetanus vaccine also protects you from painful muscle spasms that are caused by tetanus and keeps you from falling sick often. 

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