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Carpal Tunnel Syndrome

What is the Carpal Tunnel Syndrome?

The carpal tunnel is a narrow passageway on the palm side of your wrist made up of bones and ligaments. The median nerve, which controls sensation and movement in the thumb and first three fingers, runs through this passageway along with tendons to the fingers and thumb.

Carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) is numbness, tingling, weakness, and other problems in your hand because of pressure on the median nerve in your wrist.


Tingling or numbness:

You may experience tingling and numbness in your fingers or hand. Usually the thumb and index, middle or ring fingers are affected, but not your little finger. Sometimes there is a sensation like an electric shock in these fingers. The sensation may travel from your wrist up to your arm. These symptoms often occur while holding a steering wheel, phone or newspaper. The sensation may wake you from sleep. Many people "shake out" their hands to try to relieve their symptoms. The numb feeling may become constant over time.


You may experience weakness in your hand and a tendency to drop objects. This may be due to the numbness in your hand or weakness of the thumb's pinching muscles, which are also controlled by the median nerve.

Causes of Carpal Tunnel Syndrome-

  • Anything that squeezes or irritates the median nerve in the carpal tunnel space may lead to carpal tunnel syndrome.
  • A wrist fracture can narrow the carpal tunnel and irritate the nerve, as can the swelling and inflammation resulting from rheumatoid arthritis.


Some risk factors include the following:


  • Anatomic factors: People with smaller carpal tunnels may be more likely to have carpal tunnel syndrome
  • Sex: Carpal tunnel syndrome is generally more common in women
  • Nerve-damaging conditions: Some chronic illnesses, such as diabetes, increase your risk of nerve damage, including damage to your median nerve, thus causing CTS
  • Obesity is a significant risk factor for carpal tunnel syndrome How can we help?


At Apollo Clinic, we are very well equipped with the most advanced systems and facilities in order to help alleviate your pain.


Our experts at Apollo Clinic generally recommend the Phalen’s manoeuvre test in order to diagnose CTS. The following is the procedure followed during the test:

The dorsal side of both your hands is compressed into each other in order to assess if this causes an overstretching feel in your arms.

During the process, if you experience tingling and pain all through your elbow, then you are said to be suffering from CTS.

Our experts at Apollo Clinic have devised a unique and highly effective procedure and techniques in order to treat CTS. Some of these techniques include the following :

Rest Ice Compression and Elevation (RICE): In this technique, a combination of ice, compression techniques and elevation is used in order to numb the pain as well as to reduce swelling

Soft tissue massage – This technique involves direct physical action on the muscle and soft tissues. It includes a range of massage depths, pressures and durations. It aids in increasing blood circulation, relaxing muscles, reducing inflammation, decreasing muscle spasms and relieve muscle tension. 

Electrotherapy - This therapy involves the use of electric current to speed tissue healing.

Splints - A wrist splint may be prescribed to be worn at night or in the workplace. It helps to immobilise the area and prevent further damage. 

Exercises - Different types of carpal tunnel exercises such as stretching, flexibility, motion, isometric and progressive resistance exercises may be used to treat CTS. 

Depending upon your progress, your physiotherapist will design a personalised activity plan, as well as train you to track your progress and make activity modifications as your CTS condition improves

Apollo Support
At Apollo Clinic, we value your health and well-being with the utmost care and understanding. Which is why we provide you with the most distinguished specialists and experts in the country, along with state-of-the-art infrastructure and facilities in order to ensure your comfort and total recovery.

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