Nearly 1 in 3 men over the age of 50 has urinary problems. The most common cause of these problems is enlargement of prostate gland. Keeping this high incidence in view, Apollo Clinic has set up a Specialty Clinic for Prostate Disease which focuses on providing optimum care and treatment.
What is Prostate Enlargement?
The prostate is a small gland that is part of the male reproductive system. It's supposed to be about the shape and size of a walnut. It rests below your bladder. Also known as BPE (benign prostatic enlargement) or BPH (benign prostatic hyperplasia), enlargement of the prostate is an increase in the size of the prostate. There is an increase in the number of cells that causes the prostate to grow. Prostate enlargement is a common issue in men over the age of 50.
What are the causes of Prostate Enlargement?
The exact causes of prostate enlargement are still unknown. However, there are certain factors which increase the risk of this condition. Factors include:
Age - The risk of having an enlarged prostate increases as you age
Hormone levels - As you age, the hormonal balance of your body changes thus causing your prostate to grow
Other factors - Some studies indicate hereditary factors, and men with diabetes and/or obesity are at a higher risk of developing prostate enlargement
What are the symptoms of Prostate Enlargement?
Prostate Enlargement is mainly characterised by urinary symptoms such as:
How can we help you?
At Apollo Clinic, our expert urologists will consult with you and discuss your symptoms, lifestyle habits, medication, family and medical history in detail. You may also have to undergo some tests for effective diagnosis, such as:
Secondary tests which are done at tertiary care centres
Bladder pressure (urodynamic) test - This test helps check how well your bladder is functioning. Thin tubes are passed up your penis, and your bladder is filled with a clear liquid. Thin tubes are also placed in your rectum. The tubes are used to measure the pressure in your bladder, back passage and urethra.
Flexible cystoscopy - This test may be prescribed when you have severe urinary symptoms, pain while urinating, blood in the urine, get urine infections often, or your doctor suspects that your urethra or opening of the bladder is too narrow. It helps determine if you have any blockage or abnormal tissue in your urethra or bladder. A thin tube with a camera or eyepiece and light will be passed up your penis to the bladder. Your doctor will be able to see the urethra and bladder on a screen.
Pad test - This test is prescribed in cases of urine leakage. You would be asked to wear an incontinence pad for a certain duration of time. The pad is then weighed to assess the quantity of urine leaked.
Depending on the outcomes of the tests and diagnosis, appropriate prostate disease treatment will be prescribed. Prostate gland treatment modules include watchful waiting, medication, lifestyle changes, minimally-invasive procedures and surgery.
At Apollo Clinic, we use cutting-edge equipment and advanced procedures to diagnose enlargement of the prostate. Our distinguished team of highly skilled urologists, surgeons, nurses, experienced support staff and qualified technicians go the extra mile to provide superior-quality care for your prostate condition.