What is Infertility?
Infertility refers to the inability to conceive despite having regular unprotected sex for at least a year. It is a condition that may result from an issue with either your partner or you or a combination of various factors that often interfere with pregnancy. Most women older than 35 years of age, who have not conceived despite trying for 6-months or those who do not have regular menstrual cycles must consider visiting an infertility specialist.
What Causes Infertility?
Infertility causes vary in both, men and women and are usually investigated by performing certain fertility tests.
The Causes of Infertility in Women are:
Ovulation Disorders: This is one of the most common causes of infertility in women. Ovulation refers to the monthly release of an egg. However, in some cases, a woman never releases eggs. This may be due to various disorders such as:
Problems in the Fallopian Tubes:
The fallopian tubes are the pathway where the egg travels from the ovary, reaching the uterus where the egg grows. If something is abnormal or wrong in the uterus or the fallopian tubes, a woman may not be able to conceive. This may be due to various factors such as:
Medications: Some drugs too, can affect the fertility in a woman causing infertility problems. They include:
Radiotherapy: Especially, if the radiation is aimed near a woman’s reproductive organs.
Illegal Drugs: Drugs such as marijuana or cocaine may cause fertility problems.
The Causes of Infertility in Men are:
Semen: It is the milky fluid that is released from a man’s penis during orgasm and consists of fluid and sperm. While the semen comes from the seminal vesicle, prostate gland and other sex glands, the sperm is produced in the testicles. When a man ejaculates during orgasm, it is this seminal fluid helps transport the sperm. Thus, making it an important factor. Semen must be of the right shape and able to move or travel rapidly towards the egg. If the sperm’s morphology and motility are wrong, it is less likely to reach the egg and fertilise it. Abnormal semen is one of the primary causes of infertility in men, and in most cases, doctors never know the exact cause. However, the following semen problems are highly possible:
No Sperm: When a man ejaculates, there may be no sperm present in his semen.
Low Sperm Count: This is referred to a lower number of sperm, as compared to other men.
Low Sperm Mobility: This condition is referred to the inability of the sperm to swim as it should.
Abnormal Sperm: This is when the sperm has an unusual shape. Thus, making it harder to move and fertilise the egg.
Causes of An Abnormal Semen:
Here below are a few causes of an abnormal semen that could result in infertility in men.
What are the Signs and Symptoms of Infertility?
The primary symptom of infertility is when you are unable to conceive. Besides, there may be no other obvious symptoms. However, sometimes, an infertile woman may have irregular or absent menstrual cycles. In few cases, an infertile man may have some signs of hormonal problems such as sexual functions or changes in hair growth.
What are the treatments for Infertility?
Infertility can be treated with medication, surgery, assisted reproductive technology or intra-uterine insemination and several times these treatments are combined. However, doctors recommend an infertility treatment depending on:
How Can You Prevent Infertility?
While not all infertility problems are preventable, there are some actions that you can take to avoid the risk of getting infertile.
Preventing infertility in men:
Preventing infertility in women:
Apollo Clinic’s Obstetrics Department understands and provides you with all the support you need. With world-class services, facilities and a team of few of the best obstetricians in the country, we promise to take every measure and offer you with the best consultation, diagnosis and treatment for all your obstetric conditions, including infertility problems.