Menopause

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Menopause

Menopause is that phase in a woman’s life when her periods stop. Menopause marks the end of menstrual cycles and is said to occur 12 months after your last known period. Your ovaries stop producing oestrogen and progesterone hormones, which are essential for reproduction.

What causes Menopause?

Menopause is a natural process and occurs after the age of 45. Although menopause ends fertility, you can still have a healthy sexual life.

What are the symptoms of Menopause?

Many women don't realise that they are at the onset of menopause. Usually, menopause age is around 45, and this is when signs of menopause begin to show. It is advisable to be prepared once you are premenopausal. Go for regular health check-ups so that you understand your body better.

Some menopause symptoms to watch out for include:

  • Vaginal dryness
  • Disturbed sleep
  • Mood swings
  • Trouble trying to focus
  • Weight gain and slowed metabolism
  • Irregular periods
  • Hot flashes
  • Night sweats
  • Hair loss or thinning hair
  • Loss of breast fullness

Some of these symptoms could require treatment. If you or a loved one is perimenopause (around menopause), consult a doctor to understand the importance of menopause care and management.

How is Menopause treated?

Menopause does not require any particular treatment. However, treatments may be needed to manage the symptoms and prevent chronic conditions that could develop as you age. Some menopause treatments include:

Hormone therapy – In this treatment, your doctor may recommend oestrogen or progestin in the lowest dose, depending on your medical history. This helps relieve menopausal hot flashes.

Vaginal oestrogen – In this method, oestrogen is administered directly to the vagina through an oestrogen cream, tablet or ring. These will release a small amount of oestrogen which is then absorbed by the vaginal tissues.

Low-dose antidepressants – Sometimes, low-dose anti-depressants may be prescribed to women to manage their hot flashes, especially to those who can't take oestrogen.

Before starting out with any treatment, do consult a doctor so that you get the right treatment that suits you.

Apollo Support

At Apollo Clinic, we understand you and provide the support you need. Our team of distinguished Gynaecologists and support staff will take every measure possible to offer the best consultation, diagnosis, treatment and prevention advice. We are well-equipped menopause matters.

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