What is a Squint/Lazy Eye?
A squint is a condition wherein the eyes are not aligned and point in different conditions. Squints are quite common in children and usually develop before 5 years of age.
Lazy eye is another early childhood condition wherein the eyesight in one eye doesn’t develop as it should. Generally, the problem is only with one eye. However, it can affect both eyes.
What are the Symptoms of Squint/Lazy Eye?
The most apparent symptom of a squint is that one of your child’s eye may turn upwards, downwards, inwards or outwards. Squints may not be constant. Also, a minor squint may not be obvious. Squints could cause double or blurry vision; however, kids may not be able to realise that it is a problem.
Symptoms of amblyopia lazy eye in a child include squinting, tilting the head or closing one eye to see, poor vision in one eye or overall poor vision, an inward or outward wandering eye, poor depth perception, headaches.
What Causes Squint/Lazy Eye?
The precise cause of a squint is not yet known. While some babies are born with a squint (congenital squint), some develop it later (acquired squint). Acquired squints are generally caused by the eye trying to overcome a vision problem.
Lazy eye usually starts when one eye focuses much better than the other. When the brain gets both, a blurry image and a clear one, it starts to ignore the blurry one. Vision in that eye gets worse and leads to Lazy Eye.
How is Squint/Lazy Eye diagnosed?
To diagnose Squint/Lazy Eye, regular eye examinations should be conducted. Different kinds of tests such as looking at a light, matching pictures and letters, reading a letter chart and looking at visual targets at different distances with each eye are conducted. The ideal frequency of eye exams should be:
- Birth to 14 days
- 6-8 weeks
- 6 months
- 1 year
- 3 years
- Every 2 years after that.
How are Squint/Lazy Eye Treated ?
Squints should be treated early so that it is most effective. Different types of treatments are available including use of glasses, eye exercises and injections of Botulinum toxin into one of the eye muscles. In rare cases, surgery may also be performed.
The most common method of treating a Lazy Eye is to force your child’s brain to start using the weak eye. A patch will be given to wear over the strong eye. This will help improve the vision in the weak eye and restore the vision to normal.
At Apollo Clinic, we understand the discomfort your child would face due to a squint or lazy eye. Our clinic is equipped with all the necessary amenities, infrastructure and latest technologies to diagnose and treat a squint or lazy eye. Our distinguished team of ophthalmologists, optometrists, orthoptists, eye doctors and other staff are experienced to treat young children and offer superior quality care.