Understanding What A Scar Is:
The skin, when we are born, is a seamless organ, without any breaks or damage. As time goes by, due to external factors like burns, injury, skin outbreaks like acne, or trauma like surgery can cause tears in the skin, which are known as scars.
Types Of Scarring:
Scarring is part and parcel of the healing process, where your body replaces cells that have been destroyed after any kind of significant injury. Scar tissue acts as a barrier and protects the area that has been injured. Scar tissue on our skin looks different from the surrounding area, and lacks the functionality and elasticity of the original tissue.
The depth and size of the wound or cut, as well as the location of the injury, will dictate what kind of scarring will happen. In addition, factors like age, genes, gender and ethnicity can also play a role in the type of scar you may have. Let’s look at the different types of scars that can arise:
Keloid Scars: These scars come up due to an overly aggressive healing process. Because of this, they are raised and extend beyond the original injury. Over time, a significant keloid scar may hamper movement.
Contracture Scars: If your skin suffers from any kind of significant burn, you may have a contracture scar. This scar tightens the skin, and may get in the way of your movement. These scars can also go deeper than the skin, affecting your muscles or nerves.
Acne Scars: If you have severe acne, you may also suffer from acne scarring. There are many types of acne scars, from scars in the form of deep pits to scars that are angular or wavelike in appearance.
Hypertrophic Scars: These scars are raised, red-coloured scars, which may seem similar to Keloid scars, but do not spread beyond the boundary of the injury.
Treatment For Scars:
There are many forms of treatment available for scars. The most commonly used scar treatments include:
Over-The-Counter (OTC) or prescription creams, ointments and gels: This form of scar therapy is used to treat scarring that is caused by cuts or other injuries and wounds. This scar removal treatment may also be used to tackle scarring from any cosmetic or plastic surgery, with prior approval from a medical expert, or your plastic surgeon.
Apart from OTC medication, prescription treatment can also be suggested, which will include steroid or certain antihistamine creams for scars that cause itching or are very sensitive. In the same way, if you are suffering from scarring due to severe acne, your dermatologist may suggest using pressure treatment or silicone gel sheeting to help treat scars.
Surgical Scar Treatment Therapy: In cases where deeper scars are being faced, there are a number of surgical procedures available to help treat these condition, on the basis of the circumstances of your particular case. Some of the commonly seen procedures include skin grafts, excision, dermabrasion or laser surgery.
Skin grafting is primarily used for patients who have suffered significant burns, and makes use of skin from unaffected areas of the body. Surgery can also help tackle scarring that is impairing function.
Injections: In cases which merit the requirement, your doctor may also suggest the use of steroid injections to help treat scars that are sticking out, which include Keloid scarring or Hypertrophic scarring. Your doctor may use this on its own, or in combination with other forms of treatment.
The Apollo Clinic Experience:
At Apollo Clinic, our dedicated team of dermatologists will help you understand which scar removal treatment is right for you. While complete scar removal is still not possible, our team of experts can significantly help improve the appearance of any kind of scar, through a multitude of treatment procedures.
Our team of experienced cosmetic surgeons, with the help of state-of-the-art technology and medical best practices, will employ a combination of treatment procedures, on the basis of your case, which can include injectable fillers, steroid injections, dermabrasion or laser resurfacing. If you feel that your scarring is getting in the way of your lifestyle, please get in touch with one of our experts today for help and support.