Miscarriage

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Miscarriage

What is a Miscarriage?

Miscarriage, medically known as a spontaneous abortion is a loss of pregnancy within the first 20 weeks and is one of the most common types of pregnancy loss. Most miscarriages occur during the first 13 weeks of pregnancy, and there can be several difficult moments that accompany this condition. There are different types of miscarriage, each having a different treatment.

What are the causes of a Miscarriage?

The reasons for miscarriages often vary, and most often the exact cause cannot be identified. The most common cause of miscarriage during the first trimester is a chromosomal abnormality, which means that something is not right with the baby’s chromosomes. Most of the chromosomal abnormalities are a caused due to a damaged sperm or cell or a problem at the time when the zygote went through the division process. A few other miscarriage causes include:

  • Hormonal problems, maternal health concerns or infections
  • A lifestyle which includes smoking, malnutrition, drug use, excessive caffeine and exposure to toxic substances or radiation.
  • Maternal trauma
  • Maternal age
  • Uterine abnormalities

What are the Signs and Symptoms of a Miscarriage?

A few signs and symptoms of a miscarriage include:

  • Spotting or Bleeding: Vaginal spotting or bleeding is often the first sign of a miscarriage. However, it is essential to keep in mind that up to one in four pregnant women have spotting or bleeding in early pregnancy, and most of them do not end in miscarriages.

  • Abdominal Pain: This usually begins after you have some bleeding. You may feel cramps or pressure in the lower back or pelvis.

If you have both, spotting or bleeding and pain, the chances of a miscarriage are much higher. Hence, it is crucial to be aware of vaginal spotting or bleeding, or pain in the early stages of pregnancy as it is also a signal for a molar or an ectopic pregnancy.

What Puts You at a Risk for a Miscarriage?

Any woman can miscarry. However, some are more likely to miscarry than others. Here below are a few risk factors:

  • Age: Age plays a significant role in conceiving. Older women are more likely to conceive a baby with chromosomal abnormalities, resulting in a miscarriage. Besides, the risk of miscarrying also rises with each child you bear.

  • Chronic Diseases or Disorders: Uncontrolled diabetes or certain inherited blood clotting disorders, hormonal disorders or autoimmune disorders are some of the conditions that could increase the risk of miscarriages.

  • A History of Miscarriages: Women who have experienced two or more miscarriages in a row are more likely to miscarry again.

  • Uterine or Cervical Problems: Women who have certain congenital uterine abnormalities, a weak or abnormal short cervix or severe uterine adhesions are often raise odds for miscarrying.

  • A History of Congenital Disabilities of Genetic Problems: If your partner, you or family members have a genetic abnormality or have given birth to a child with congenital disabilities, you are at a higher risk for a miscarriage.

  • Smoking, Drinking, and Drug Use: If you smoke, drink or use drugs such as cocaine during pregnancy, you are a risk for miscarrying. Some studies have also shown an association between high levels of caffeine consumption and miscarriages.

Besides, there are several other factors such as infections, medications, environmental toxins, obesity, and more that increase one’s risk of a miscarriage.

What is the Treatment for Miscarriage?

The primary goal of a miscarriage treatment during or after the condition is to prevent a haemorrhage or an infection. An early miscarriage in pregnancy will expel all the foetal tissue by itself and will not need further medical procedures. However, if the body doesn’t expel all the tissue, a common procedure called dilation and curettage are performed. This procedure will help stop the bleeding and prevent the onset of an infection. Drugs may be prescribed to help control the bleeding post the procedure.

How Can Miscarriage be Prevented?

Most miscarriages are caused due to chromosomal abnormalities, and there is not much one can do to prevent them. However, it is vital to be healthy before you conceive. Therefore, following the below mentioned will help you prevent such a condition.

  • Exercise regularly
  • Manage stress
  • Eat healthy
  • Do not smoke, drink or consume drugs
  • Take folic acid daily
  • Keep weight within healthy limits

Apollo Experience

At Apollo Clinic, we understand you and provide you with the support you need. With state-of-the-art facilities and a team of skilled obstetricians, we will take every measure to offer you with the best consultation, diagnosis, treatment and prevention advice for all your obstetric conditions, including miscarriage.

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