Blood In Urine

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Blood In Urine

What is Blood in Urine?

Haematuria, commonly known as blood in urine is usually not a condition to worry about. However, blood present in the urine can be a sign of some critical medical conditions, and thus, must not be ignored. All cases of haematuria must be evaluated by a specialised doctor who can order tests to rule out an underlying cause. If the blood present in the urine is visible, it is called ‘visible’, ‘macroscopic’ or ‘gross haematuria.’ While, in cases where the blood can be detected only with laboratory testing, it is called ‘non-visible’ or ‘microscopic haematuria.’

What are the Signs and Symptoms of Blood in Urine?

Hematuria or blood in urine may occur without other symptoms. However, some underlying causes are associated with the additional symptoms that can range from being moderate to severe. This includes:

  • Bladder Infections: This condition in adults causes burning or pain while urinating. Older children may have a fever, burning or pain while urinating, the urgency to urinate and lower abdominal pain. And infants with bladder infections may have a fever, feed poorly or get irritable.

  • Kidney Stones: The symptoms of this condition may include pelvic or abdominal pain.

  • Kidney Infections: The symptoms may include chills, fever, and pain in the lower back.

  • Kidney diseases: The symptoms of this condition may include high blood pressure, weakness, body swelling, and puffiness around the eye area.

     

What Causes Blood in Urine?

There are various causes of blood in urine. This blood may come from the kidneys or any area of the urinary tract such as the bladder, ureters, or urethra. A few common causes of this condition include:

  • Bladder or kidney infections
  • Kidney diseases
  • Bladder or kidney stones
  • Enlarged prostate or prostate cancer
  • Tumour in the bladder, kidney or prostate
  • Vigorous exercise
  • Kidney injury due to accident or ports
  • Certain medication
  • Inherited diseases such as a sickle cell anaemia or cystic kidney disease

However, sometimes, what appears as blood in urine is red pigment from other sources such as medications, food dyes, or beets.

How to Treat Blood in Urine?

The blood in urine treatment depends on the underlying cause for the occurrence of blood in the urine. In most cases, no treatment is necessary unless a critical condition is causing the hematuria. However, your doctor may prescribe a few medications and will recheck the urine to see if the blood is gone. If no cause is found during the initial evaluation, your doctor may advise you to have a follow-up urine testing and blood pressure monitoring every three to six months, particularly if you have risk factors for bladder cancer or exposure to chemicals or smoking cigarettes. Besides, your doctor may also request you undergo blood tests, an ultrasound scan, a cystoscopy, and an X-ray in critical cases.

How Can You Prevent Blood in Urine?

Preventing hematuria or blood in urine means preventing the underlying causes. This includes:

  • Preventing infections by drinking plenty of water daily, Urinating immediately after sexual intercourse and practising good hygiene.
  • Preventing stones by drinking plenty of water and avoiding excess salt and foods like spinach.
  • Preventing bladder cancer by refraining from smoking, limiting your exposure to chemicals and drinking plenty of water.

Apollo Experience

We, at Apollo Clinic, offer you few of the best services, diagnosis, and treatment for various conditions, one of them being hematuria or blood in urine. With state-of-the-art facilities and a team of the best nephrologists in the country, we aim at providing you with the best medical solutions for all your medical concerns.

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