What are Vision Problems?
Vision problems refer to eye problems and vision disturbances such as halos, blurry vision or blind spots. Some of the most common vision problems are far-sightedness, near-sightedness, presbyopia and astigmatism.
What are the Symptoms of Vision Problems?
The symptoms of common vision problems are:
Far-sightedness – Blurry vision when you look at things that are close. Far and near objects may be blurry.
Near-sightedness – Blurry vision that gets worse when you look at distant objects. Your near vision may be good.
Presbyopia – Difficulty in focusing on objects that are close. This problem often becomes apparent after the age of 40.
Astigmatism – Blurry or double vision at any distance; may also be near or far sighted.
What Causes Vision Problems?
To understand the cause of vision problems, we need to understand vision better. Vision occurs when light rays are bent (refracted) as they pass through the cornea and lens in the eye. This light is then focused on your retina which in turn converts these light rays into messages that can be interpreted by the brain as images.
Vision problems occur when the shape of the eye prevents light from focusing directly on to the retina. This is also known as refractive errors. Refractive errors can be caused by changes in the shape of the cornea, the length of the eyeball or ageing of the lens.
How are Vision Problems Diagnosed ?
To diagnose vision problems, your eye care professional will conduct a comprehensive dilated eye examination. This allows your eye doctor to see the back of your eye which is the retina and detect vision problems.
How are Vision Problems Treated ?
Vision problems may be treated with eyeglasses, contact lenses or surgery.
Eyeglasses – These are a simple and safe way to treat vision problems. Your eye care professional will recommend appropriate lenses to restore optimal vision.
Contact lenses – This is another safe and effective option to treat vision problems. In most cases, contact lenses provide clearer vision, a wider field of vision and greater comfort. However, it is important to use them as instructed to reduce the risk of infection.
Surgery – In refractive surgery, the aim is to change the shape of your cornea permanently. This change will aid in restoring the focusing power of your eyes. There are various types of refractive surgeries and you can opt for one that is suitable to your needs.
We, at Apollo Clinic, understand how vision problems can hamper your day-to-day life. Our team of ophthalmologists, optometrists, eye care professionals and other staff is highly skilled and experienced to treat all kinds of vision problems. Our clinic is well-equipped with state-of-the-art infrastructure, amenities and latest technologies to diagnose and treat a range of vision problems.