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What is Cystitis?

Cystitis is an inflammation of the bladder that is usually caused by a bladder infection. It is the most common type of urinary tract infection (UTI) and occurs when the bacteria enter the urethra or bladder and begin to multiply. Besides, this condition can also occur when the bacteria in the body become imbalanced, leading to an infection and cause inflammation. Cystitis can affect both, men and women. However, women are much more vulnerable to this condition than men.

What are the Signs and Symptoms of Cystitis?

The signs and symptoms of cystitis often include:

  • A persistent urge to urinate
  • A burning sensation while urinating
  • Blood in the urine
  • Pelvic discomfort
  • Cloudy or strong-smelling urine
  • Passing cloudy
  • Low-grade fever
  • Pain during sexual intercourse
  • Cramping in the back or abdomen
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Fever or chills

What are the Causes of Cystitis?

Most cases of cystitis occur when the bacteria that live in the bowel get into the bladder through the urethra. While it is not clear how this condition occurs, it can be caused by:

  • Having sex
  • Using a diaphragm for birth control
  • Wiping the bottom after going to the toilet, especially if you wipe from the back to the front
  • Inserting a urinary catheter or tampon.

Who is at risk of Cystitis?

Cystitis is much more common in women than men due to a shorter urethra. However, this condition can affect both the genders.

Women may be at risk for cystitis if they:

  • Use diaphragms with spermicide
  • Are sexually active
  • Are experiencing menopause
  • Are pregnant
  • Are utilizing personal hygiene products that can cause irritation.

Men may be at risk for cystitis if they have enlarged prostate glands due to the retention of urine in the bladder.

Common risk factors for both, males and females include:

  • Urinary tract infections (UTIs)
  • Radiotherapy to the pelvis
  • Chemotherapy medicines used for treatment
  • Use of catheter
  • Diabetes
  • Kidney stones
  • Spinal injuries
  • HIV
  • Changes in the immune system
  • Interference in the flow of urine.

How to Treat Cystitis?

In most cases of cystitis, the condition resolves itself within a few days. If the condition lasts longer than four days, it is essential that you visit your doctor. Sometimes, a short three-day course of antibiotics may be prescribed.

How Can You Prevent Cystitis?

You can prevent cystitis by:

  • Drinking plenty of water
  • Avoiding Alcohol
  • Refraining from sex

Apollo Experience

We, at Apollo Clinic, are dedicated to making sure that you are always in good health. Thus, offering you quality services and treatments for a broad range of medical conditions, one of them being cystitis. With a team of highly skilled and experienced urologists in the country, we assure to provide you with the best treatment for this condition.

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