A heart attack can be one of the scariest medical conditions that can affect a person. This event occurs when the flow of oxygen-rich blood suddenly becomes blocked to a section of the heart muscle. This blockage results in the heart not getting the required oxygen. This can be dangerous, because the section of the heart to which the blood flow has been interrupted begins to die.
Symptoms Of A Heart Attack-
While heart attack symptoms may vary from case to case, the common signs that you may be suffering from a heart attack include:
It should be noted that heart attack symptoms may last for 30 minutes or more. In certain cases, a person may suffer from a heart attack that does not display any symptoms at all. This kind of a heart attack, known as a silent myocardial infarction can occur with anyone, but is prevalent more in cases where the patient is also suffering from diabetes.
Causes Of A Heart Attack-
There are a number of heart attack causes that have been flagged as potential factors that can increase heart attack risk. These can include:
Treating A Heart Attack-
Speed is of the essence for heart attack treatment. While the majority of heart attacks can be treated effectively, it is crucial to understand that the patient's survival is dependent on how quickly they can be taken to a hospital. Heart attack treatment can be bifurcated into two sections. These are:
Treatment During A Heart Attack:
Cardio-Pulmonary Resuscitation (CPR)-
In some heart attack cases, patients stop breathing, or do not move or respond when spoken to or touched. In other cases, they may also be found coughing during the attack. In such cases, it is essential that CPR procedure begin immediately. It should be noted that this form of treatment should be administered by a medical professional, or a trained specialist, and will include:
Treatment After A Heart Attack-
After suffering from a heart attack, a patient will need to follow a course, which may involve a number of medicines. In certain cases, a patient may even be required to undergo certain procedures. Both forms of treatment aim to prevent another heart attack from occurring.
This will include:
Medical Procedures- In cases where the patient's heart has been severely damaged, a surgical procedure may be needed. Two of the most commonly performed surgical procedures include:
Angioplasty- This procedure is used to open up the coronary artery, using a small wire, which is inserted into the coronary artery until it reaches the clot. A small balloon at the end of the wire is placed at the narrowest part of the artery, and inflating, effectively squashing the clot. To keep the artery open, a flexible metal mesh, called a stent is then placed there.
Coronary Artery Bypass Graft (CABG)- Grafts taken from blood vessels present in other parts of the body are used to bypass the damaged blood vessel. This bypass effectively goes around the blocked part of the artery, which then allows the blood to pass into the heart muscle.
Apollo Clinic Experience-
At Apollo Clinic, our team of world-class cardiologists, intensivists and trained nursing staff are prepared to offer you timely intervention and support to help safeguard your life. With advanced Cath labs and operation rooms, as well as an efficient Critical Care Unit, our team of experts have consistently maintained high success rates while dealing with heart attack patients. If you feel the onset of heart attack symptoms or know someone who is, immediately come in to one of our centres for support and care.