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Medical Glossary Decoded

The Auditory Brainstem Response (ABR) test provides information about inner ear (cochlea) and brain function for hearing. Electrodes are placed around the ear to assess the hearing capacity of any adult, child or even a new-born baby.
Stomach lining secretes hydrochloric acid in the stomach which helps in the digestion of food. A deficiency of hydrochloric acid secretion is called Achlorhydria.
Anterior Cruciate Ligament (ACL) is a ligament which runs diagonally deep inside the knee from the thigh bone to the top of the larger bone in the lower leg. The ligament maintains the position of the knee and prevents it from sliding it backwards. Any injury to it is called an ACL injury.
A potential medical emergency characterised by severe abdominal pain which usually requires immediate surgical intervention. An acute abdomen can be due to a problem with abdominal organs like appendicitis (inflamed appendix), cholecystitis (inflamed gallbladder), a perforated ulcer in the intestine, or a ruptured spleen.
An unusual reaction of your immune system to a foreign substance like food, drugs, dust, animals, metals, etc. is called an allergy.
Complete or partial loss of memory is called amnesia. Antegrade amnesia refers to a lack of memory of events occurring after a traumatic event, while retrograde amnesia refers to a lack of memory of events that occurred before the event.
The branch of science concerned with the bodily structure of humans, animals, and other living organisms is called anatomy. Observation, dissection of a dead specimen and microscopic examinations are some ways to study anatomy.