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Medical Glossary Decoded

A condition in which the body becomes weakened or lacks strength due to long term disease.
A defibrillator is a device in which a therapeutic dose of electric current is given to the heart to treat life threatening conditions that affect the normal heart rate such as cardiac arrhythmia, ventricular fibrillation and ventricular tachycardia.
A deformity is a condition in which a part of the body or organ varies from the normal or expected shape and size, due to an accident or genetic abnormality.
Dehydration is a condition that occurs when the body loses more fluid than the amount of water that is consumed. Dehydration can be mild, moderate, or severe, based on how much fluid is lost or not replaced. Severe dehydration can lead to death.
Delirium is an acutely disturbed state of mind characterised by restlessness, illusions, incoherence, occurring in intoxication, fever and other disorders.
Fever caused due to viral infection of dengue virus transmitted to the body by a mosquito bite.
An adjective used to explain anything relating to teeth. Dentistry: A Medical science which deals with various problems related to teeth.
Depression is a psychological disorder that causes a persistent feeling of sadness and loss of interest. Also called major depressive disorder or clinical depression, it affects how you feel, think and behave and can lead to a variety of emotional and physical problems.
Dermatology is a branch of medicine dealing with problems related to skin, hair and nails.
The descending aorta is the part of the aorta, the largest artery in the body that runs down through the chest and the abdomen.
Dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DEXA) scan is a specialised X-ray which assesses the bone-mineral density.
Dialysis is a life-support treatment that uses a special machine to remove waste products and excess fluid and salt from blood, in patients with kidney dysfunction.
Dizziness is a common symptom of various disorders in which a person feels light-headedness, woozy, weak or unbalanced. It affects the sensory organs, specifically the eyes and ears.
It Stands for ‘Directly Observed Treatment, Short-course’ also known as TB-DOTS. It is the internationally recommended strategy to treat tuberculosis (TB) in a short span of time, where healthcare volunteers make the patient take drugs medicine at the right time and right dosage in front of them, thus avoiding defaulters and relapses of TB.