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Medical Glossary Decoded

A potentially fatal viral infection that attacks the central nervous system. It causes acute inflammation of the brain in humans and other mammals. Rabies is carried by wild animals (particularly bats and racoons) and finds its way to humans by many routes such as dog bites from infected dogs.
The medical speciality concerned with the use of radiation for the diagnosis and treatment of disease. A variety of imaging techniques such as X-ray radiography, ultrasound, computed tomography (CT), etc. are used.
Breaking out (eruption) of the skin results in itchy, red, painful, and irritated skin. A rash can be caused by an underlying medical condition, hormonal cycles, allergies, or contact with irritants.
Radioallergosorbent test is an allergy test that is done on a sample of blood. RAST is used to detect the allergic sensitivity of a person towards specific substances.
Short form of red blood cells. These are the cells that supply oxygen through the blood to different body tissue. The red blood cells are also known as red corpuscles or erythrocytes.
The term used when liquid backs up into the oesophagus from the stomach.
Renal refers to the kidney. A renal stone is a stone in the kidney (or lower down in the urinary tract). Renal stones are a common cause of blood in the urine and pain in the abdomen, flank, or groin.
The retina is the nerve layer that lines the back of the eye. It senses light and creates impulses that travel through the optic nerve to the brain for visual recognition.
Representational oligonucleotide microarray analysis (ROMA). A method for the detection of the genomic defect between any two samples of DNA.