V

Medical Glossary Decoded

Microbial preparations of killed or modified or less active microorganisms that can stimulate an immune response in the body to prevent future infection with similar microorganisms.
Each of the tenth pair of cranial nerves that supplies nerve fibres to the pharynx (throat), larynx (voice box), trachea (windpipe), lungs, heart, oesophagus, and intestinal tract, as far as the transverse portion of the colon.
The exchange of air between the lungs and the atmosphere so that oxygen can be exchanged for carbon dioxide inside the alveoli (the tiny air sacs in the lungs).
A natural white, cheesy substance that covers and protects the skin of a foetus. Vernix is also present all over the skin of a baby at birth.
The presence of a virus in the blood. Viremia is analogous to bacteremia (the presence of bacteria in the blood) and parasitemia (the presence of a parasite in the blood).
A small infectious agent that replicates only inside the living cells of other organisms. Viruses can infect all types of life forms, from animals and plants to microorganisms.
A condition in which the skin turns white due to the loss of pigment from the melanocytes cells. These are cells that produce the pigment melanin that gives the to skin a different colour.
One of two small bands of muscle within the larynx. These muscles vibrate to produce the voice. The vocal cords form a "V" inside the larynx.