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Medical Glossary Decoded

The living organisms of a region that are large enough to be seen with the naked eye. Gut microbiota (formerly called gut flora) are the microbe population living in the intestines which help digest food and synthesises some vitamins such as folic acid (B12) and vitamin K.
Macrolide is a class of antibiotics characterised by large lactones ring structures. They are capable of inhibiting inhibit the growth of bacteria and are often prescribed for the treatment of common bacterial infections.
Macrophages are important cells of the immune system that are formed in response to an infection or the accumulation of damaged or dead cells. They recognise, engulf and destroy foreign cells.
Malaria is a life-threatening blood disease caused by protozoan parasites. This parasite is transmitted to humans through the bite of a mosquito named Anopheles or by a contaminated needle or blood transfusion. These parasites multiply in the host's liver before infecting and destroying red blood cells.
Malnutrition or malnourishment is a condition that results from eating a diet in which nutrients are either not enough or are too much, such that the diet causes different health issues.
Mammography is an X-ray of the breast and is done to observe the anatomy of the breast.
Mast cells are granulocytes found in connective tissue beneath the skin. These are responsible for inflammatory and allergic reactions. During allergic reactions mast cell is injured and releases strong chemicals like histamine, into the tissues and blood. These released chemicals are responsible for inflammation.
Measles, or rubeola, is a viral infection of the respiratory system. Measles is a very contagious disease that can spread through contact with infected mucus and saliva. It causes total-body skin rash and flu-like symptoms, including fever, cough, and runny nose.
A hormone that is produced by the pineal gland in the brain. Pineal gland releases this hormone after 9 pm in the body. This hormone is involved in regulating sleeping and waking cycles.
Biochemical processes that occur within living organisms for the production of energy. Metabolism consists of anabolism (the buildup of substances) and catabolism (the breakdown of substances).