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Medical Glossary Decoded

A triangular large bone in the lower back of the spine formed from fused vertebrae and situated between the two hip bones of the pelvis
A superficial skin infection caused by a fungus, affecting the scalp. Most cases of scalp ringworm are caught from person to person via touching, sharing towels, etc.
A hormone that is made by glands in the small intestine whose primary function is to stimulate the secretion of liver and pancreas.
The S-shaped last part of the large intestine which leads to the rectum. Its function is to store faecal wastes until they are ready to leave the body.
The normal increase in heart rate that occurs during breathing.
Sonography is an imaging technique which uses ultrasound waves to observe internal organs like muscles, joints, organs and blood vessels.
The long flat bone in the upper middle of the front of the chest. The sternum joins with the cartilages of the first seven ribs and with the clavicle (collarbone) on either side.
Sunburn is an inflammation of the skin that develops in response to excess exposure to ultraviolet (UV) radiation from the sun or from tanning beds that emit UV radiation.
The branch of medicine that employs operations in the treatment of disease or injury. Surgery can involve cutting, abrading, suturing, transplanting or otherwise physically changing body tissues and organs.
Swelling or enlargement of the tongue. A swollen tongue can be a symptom of glossitis, an inflammation of the tongue that can be caused by infections, local irritation or burns, and allergic reactions.