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Medical Glossary Decoded

The facial nerve, or cranial nerve (CN) VII, is the nerve of facial expression. This nerve performs two primary functions. It controls facial muscles expressions and conveys some sensory information from the tongue and the interior of the mouth to the brain.
During bleeding a series of reactions take place in the body that helps stop the bleeding and the process is known as coagulation. It involves special proteins called coagulants, or clotting factors. Factor X is one such coagulation factor. Production of factor X takes place in the liver.
Fascia is a specialised system of the body that has an appearance similar to a spider's web or a sweater. A fascia is a band or sheet of connective tissue, primarily collagen, beneath the skin that attaches, stabilises, encloses, and separates muscles and other internal organs.
A fat embolism is a state in which a fat particle or droplet travels through the circulatory system and eventually blocks a blood vessel. It is mostly caused by physical trauma such as a fracture of long bones, soft tissue trauma and burns.
A built up of fat (Steatosis) in the liver that is above 5-10% of the total weight of the organ is defined as fatty liver.
Increased body temperature is called fever. In medical terms, an a.m. temperature of >37.2°C (>98.9°F) or a p.m. temperature of >37.7°C (>99.9°F) defines a fever.
The fibula or calf bone is thin and the smaller of the two bones in the lower leg. It plays a significant role in stabilising the ankle and supporting the muscles of the lower leg.
Flail chest is a serious condition that can lead to long-term disability and even death. It is a situation in which a portion of the rib cage is separated from the rest of the chest wall, usually due to a severe blunt trauma, such as a serious fall or a car accident. This affected portion is unable to contribute to a normal expansion of the lung and thus hampers normal breathing.
Foramen is an opening, hole, or passage, especially in a bone. Foramina inside the body of humans typically help connect muscles, nerves, arteries, veins, or other structures to one part of the body with another. Although a foramen is usually through bone, it can be an opening through other types of tissue, as with the foramen ovale in the heart.
Fugue is a rare psychiatric disorder in which an individual experiences a disruption in memory, awareness and identity. Sometimes he/she might even create new identities. This may last from less than a day to several months and generally brought on by severe stress or trauma.