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Medical Glossary Decoded

Electrocardiogram (ECG) is a diagnostic tool used for assessing as well as recording the electrical activity of the heart. ECG is done to diagnose different heart conditions.
Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation is a technique of providing both artificial cardiac and respiratory support to the person whose heart and lungs are unable to provide an adequate amount of gas exchange to sustain a healthy life. The purpose of ECMO is to provide enough oxygen to the body thus allowing time for the lungs and heart to heal up.
It is a term used to denote a procedure involved the surgical removal of a specified part of the body. For example, the surgical removal of a lump known as a lumpectomy and an appendectomy is the removal of the appendix.
Ectopic pregnancy is a life-threatening condition which occurs when the fertilised egg attaches itself in a place other than inside the uterus, such as in one of the fallopian tubes.
Oedema is the medical term which is used to denote the swelling of soft tissues as a result of excess fluid accumulation.
ELISA (enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay) is a plate-based assay technique designed for detecting and quantifying substances such as antibodies, peptides, proteins, and hormones.
Elliptocytosis is a blood-related disorder passed down through families in which abnormally elliptically shaped t-red blood cells are formed which break easily (haemolysis).
An embolism is the lodging of an embolus, a blockage-causing piece of material, inside a blood vessel. The embolus may be a blood clot (thrombus) a fat globule, a bubble of air or other gas (gas embolism), or foreign material. An embolism can cause partial or total blockage of blood flow in the affected vessel.
An organism in the early stages of growth and differentiation, from fertilisation to the beginning of the third month of pregnancy (in humans) is called an embryo. After that point in time, an embryo is called a foetus.
ENT (ear, nose, and throat) is a branch of medicine dealing with problems and diseases related to ear, nose and throat.