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Medical Glossary Decoded

Jaundice also known as icterus is a condition in which skin and the whites of eyes turn yellow. It is caused by a high concentration of bilirubin. Bilirubin is a yellow chemical in haemoglobin that carries oxygen in red blood cells.
The jaw is a set of bones that hold teeth. It consists of two main parts. The upper part is the maxilla which doesn’t move. The lower part is called the mandible which is movable.
Also called jennerization. It is the production of immunity to a disease by inoculation of an attenuated form of the virus causing the disease.
A temporary disorder that causes fatigue, insomnia, and other symptoms as a result of rapid air travel across time zones. It is also known as time zone change syndrome or desynchronosis. It is a temporary sleep problem that causes fatigue, insomnia, and other symptoms among people who travel across multiple time zones by flight.
Very small semi-circular white spots on the toenails. These spots result from injury to the base (matrix) of the nail.
Joint aspiration is a procedure to remove fluid from the space around a joint using a needle and syringe to relieve swelling or to obtain fluid for diagnosing a joint disorder.