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Medical Glossary Decoded

Calcinosis is a term used to describe a group of disorders in which small white calcium lumps are formed under the skin. Calcinosis may range from one very tiny deposit, to large (and often painful) clusters or lumps which may break through the skin and leak a chalky white liquid. Although they may appear anywhere but they most commonly occur on the hands, or near joints such as elbows or knees
A calorie is a unit used to measure the amount of energy in food and beverages. In order to lose weight, you need to eat fewer calories than your body burns each day.
Cardiology is a branch of medicine which deals with diagnosis, treatment and management of heart-related problems.
The carotid arteries are the major blood vessels that supply oxygen-rich blood to the head, brain and face. There are two carotid arteries, located on each side of the neck.
Cellulitis is a serious bacterial infection of the skin and tissues beneath the skin and may also spread to lymph nodes and bloodstream. Cellulitis appears as a swollen, red area of skin that feels hot and tender. A person with cellulitis can also develop fever and/or swollen lymph nodes in the area of the infection. Staphylococcus and Streptococcus are the types of bacteria that are usually responsible for cellulitis.
It is also known as gallbladder which is a pear-shaped organ attached by ducts to the liver. Bile (a digestive fluid produced by the liver) is stored in the cholecyst before it is released in to the small intestine.
Cilia are microscopic, hair-like projections present on the surface of animal cells. Cilia are of two types: motile and non-motile cilia.
It is also known as first milk. It is a sticky white or yellow fluid secreted by the breasts during the first few days after giving birth. It is low in fat, and contains high amount of carbohydrates, protein, and antibodies. Antibody levels in colostrums can be 100 times higher than levels in regular cow’s milk.
Medical consultation is a meeting between the patient and the doctor where the doctor reviews the patient’s medical history, examines the patient, discusses patient’s problem, and accordingly gives a recommendation for diagnostics, treatment, and medication.
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease is a progressive (the disease gets worse over time) lung disease that creates difficulty in breathing and obstruction of the airways. Cigarette smoking is the leading cause of COPD.
Cyanosis is a bluish discolouration of the skin and mucous membranes caused by the lack of oxygen in the blood. Cyanosis is associated with cold temperatures, heart failure, lung diseases, etc.