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Medical Glossary Decoded

An abnormal and persistent fear of bacilli (bacteria). A phobia is an unreasonable sort of fear that can cause avoidance and panic. Phobias are a relatively common type of anxiety disorder.
The branch of medicine which deals with the study and treatment of obesity. A Bariatric specialist provides management of obesity in the form of diet and nutrition counselling, exercise training, behaviour modification and surgery
Bed sores are also called pressure sores. It is a sensitive reddish area of degenerating, ulcerated skin caused by prolonged pressure and lack of movement, and worsened by exposure to urine or other irritants on the skin. Bedsores most often develop on skin that covers bony areas of the body, such as the heels, ankles, hips and tailbone.
Belching or burping is the natural process of releasing air and gas from the mouth, the gas accumulates in the stomach, thereby relieving distension.
The process of removing tissue from a live human or animal to verify the presence of any disease, identify the cause of the disease and evaluate the extent of illness progression. A biopsy is usually done for the diagnosis of cancer.
Also called bleb or bulla, it is the collection of fluid underneath the top layer of skin. There are many causes of blisters, including burns, friction and diseases of the skin.
Stands for Body mass index. BMI is defined as body mass divided by the square of the body height. A patient is categorised as underweight, normal weight, overweight, and obese as per BMI. BMI is used to predict the risk of chronic diseases like hypertension and diabetes in a patient.
Bone marrow is the soft, spongy, gelatinous tissue found in the hollow spaces in the interior of large bones like hip and thigh bones. It contains stem cells which produce different types of blood cells.
Bradycardia is defined as a slow heart rate of fewer than 60 beats per minute. The condition can cause symptoms like fatigue, weakness, dizziness, and fainting.
The major air passage of the lungs which diverge from the end of wind pipe.
The bypass is a surgical procedure of creating an alternative passage to divert the flow of blood or other bodily fluid or dodges an obstructed or diseased organ. Bypass surgeries are done on various organs like heart, intestine and stomach.