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Medical Glossary Decoded

A drug that counteracts the action of morphine and other opiates like respiratory depression, sedation and hypotension.
This is the passage from the nose to the stomach. Abbreviated as ‘NG’.
A substance that increases urinary excretion of sodium by decreasing the reabsorption of sodium ions from the glomerular filtrate in the kidneys.
Nausea is the sensation of an urge to vomit. Nausea can also be associated with a headache, fever, diarrhoea, gas, and abdominal pain. Nausea can be caused by systemic illnesses (such as influenza), medications, pain, motion sickness, etc.
A newborn baby, specifically a baby in the first 4 weeks or 1 month after birth. It is a time when changes are very rapid.
Anything arising from the nerves or the nervous system. For example, neurogenic pain is pain that originates in the nerves.
The medical speciality concerned with the diagnosis and treatment of disorders of the nervous system, which includes the brain, the spinal cord, and the nerves.
Nicotinic acid is one of the B-complex vitamins-B 3. It is used to treat high cholesterol in the blood. Deficiency of niacin in the diet results in the disease pellagra ( Niacin deficiency). Insufficient niacin in the diet can cause nausea, skin and mouth lesions, anaemia, headaches, and tiredness.
An alkaloid (a nitrogen-containing chemical) made by the tobacco plant or produced synthetically. It is the main content in cigarettes. It shows a deteriorated effect on living beings. It increases the heart rate, heart stroke volume, and oxygen consumption by the heart.
Nutrition is referred to different elements of food like carbohydrate, protein, vitamins, minerals, and fibre which are required for proper growth and health.