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Medical Glossary Decoded

Galactose is a white, crystalline, water-soluble monosaccharide sugar obtained from milk sugar that is less sweet than glucose and fructose. In the human body, most of the ingested galactose is converted to glucose, which can provide 4.1 kilocalories per gram of energy.
A pear-shaped organ located below the liver which stores the bile secreted by the liver. During and after a meal, the gallbladder contracts and secretes the bile through the bile ducts into the intestines to assist in food digestion.
A lighted, flexible tubular instrument that is put through the mouth for the examination of the internal tissues of oesophagus, stomach, and duodenum. The instrument can also be used to remove a small part of tissue from the internal organs.
Glaucoma is an eye disease that is often associated with elevated intraocular pressure, in which damage to the eye (optic) nerve can lead to loss of vision and even blindness.
Gluten is a mixture of proteins found in wheat and related grains, including barley, rye, oat, etc. Some people are allergic to gluten, as a result, they are not able to digest or break down the gluten.
Great saphenous vein is a superficial vein of the leg. It is the longest vein in the human body, extending from the top of the foot to the upper thigh and groin. The great saphenous vein plays an important role in returning blood from the superficial tissues of the leg to the heart and is also used in several medical procedures due to its size and superficial location.
Gynaecology is a branch of medicine which deals with diagnosis, treatment, and management of diseases and conditions occurring in girls and women.
Gynephobia is the fear or hatred (or both) of women. Usually, men suffer from this phobia, which is also known by names like Gynephobia or Feminophobia. Such individuals fear women or having sexual intercourse with them.