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Medical Glossary Decoded

Tabes dorsalis is a slow degeneration of the nerve cells and nerve fibres of the spinal cord that carry sensory information to the brain. Tabes dorsalis is the result of an untreated syphilis infection. Symptoms include weakness, diminished reflexes, unsteady gait, progressive degeneration of the joints, loss of coordination, episodes of intense pain and disturbed sensation, personality changes, dementia, deafness, visual impairment, and impaired response to light. The disease is more frequent in males than in females.
Tachypnea is a condition that causes rapid and shallow breathing due to an imbalance between carbon dioxide and oxygen in the body. Tachypnea can be an early medical sign of pneumonia in children.
An often fatal infectious disease that is caused by the bacterium Clostridium tetani, which usually enters the body through a puncture, a cut, or an open wound. It is characterised by muscle spasms. It can lead to "locking" of the jaw. This makes it impossible to open mouth or swallow.
It is also known as a chest. The part of the body that is located between the abdomen and the neck. Within the thorax are the lungs, the heart, and the first section of the aorta.
A butterfly shaped gland found at the front of the neck that secretes the thyroxine hormone. This hormone plays vital roles in digestion, heart and muscle function, brain development and maintenance of bones.
Treadmill Test (TMT) is a test to evaluate the heart’s response to physical stress. The test is also known as Stress Test or Exercise test.
Small masses of lymphoid tissue at the back and on both sides of the throat. The tonsils help to fight infections.
An abnormal, repetitive shaking movement of the body. Tremors have many causes and can be inherited, related to illnesses (such as thyroid disease), or caused by fever, hypothermia, drugs or fear.
An infection caused by the bacterium called Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Usually, affects the lung. The common symptoms of TB are Coughing, sometimes with mucus or blood, chills, fatigue, fever, loss of weight, loss of appetite and night sweats.
The degree of elasticity of skin sometimes referred to as skin turgor. A decrease in skin turgor is indicated when the skin (on the back of the hand for an adult or on the abdomen for a child) is pulled up for a few seconds and does not return to its original state. The assessment of skin turgor is used clinically to determine the extent of dehydration, or fluid loss, in the body.
An acute illness with fever, caused by infection with the bacterium Salmonella typhi. Typhoid fever has an insidious onset, with fever, headache, constipation, malaise, chills, and muscle pain.